GST EVASION: DGGI took action against 3 Firm for tax evasion of Rs 600 Crore

GST-EVASION: DGGI took action against 3 companies for tax evasion of more than Rs 600 Crore

Three persons arrested on charges of tax evasion of Rs 600 Crore, i.e. for the issuance of fraudulent invoices without the actual supply of Rs 4,198 crores, and illegally transferred as ITC credit to different entities under the GST Act.

There was an argument against M/s. Reema Polychem Pvt. Ltd., M/s. Fortune Graphics Limited, & M/s. Ganpati Enterprises, which were found to be engaged in the issuance of invoices without any real supply of goods.

The case was identified and established by the officers on further data analytics from the case filed against one of the exporters, M / s Anannya Exim, which was protected by the entire India Joint Operation launched by DGGI-DRI in September 2019, against various exporters for fraudulently demanding IGST refunds on the basis of ineligible ITC.

In the course of the investigations conducted by DGGI Hqrs, it emerged that the three companies referred to above, namely M/s. Reema Polychem Pvt. Ltd. respectively. Ganpati Enterprises released invoices worth more than Rs. 4,100 Crore, with a tax sum of more than Rs. 600 Crore being transferred fraudulently as ITC credit to various entities.

The foregoing companies/firms shall be interested in the issuing of bills without any real supply of products. This case was found and established by officers on further review of the case filed against one of the exporters, namely M / s Anannya Exim, which was protected by DGGI-DRI’s entire operation in India on 11.09.2019, against different exporters for fraudulently demanded IGST refund on the basis of invalid ITC.

In this regard, three parties have been detained for committing offenses under the GST Act. The directors/owners of M/s. Reema Polychem Pvt. Ltd. are two of them who have been on the run and have constantly avoided presence at DGGI Offices.

The third man is the director of M/s AB Players Exports Pvt Ltd and the manager of various other export firms/companies which have received IGST refunds on the basis of counterfeit invoices provided by these companies.

All three were detained by DGGI (Hqrs.) for committing offenses, pursuant to Sections 132(1)(b) and 132(1)(c) of the CGST Act, 2017, and ordered to be held under judicial custody by the Magistrate.

Even more inquiries on the subject are in the process

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

Basis Concept on Applicability of E-Way Bill

Basis Concept on Applicability of E-Way Bill

E-Way Bill is a digitally produced paper that must be produced for the transportation of more than Rs . 50,000 products from one place to another anywhere in India, except Delhi. For the transport of products inside Delhi, an e-way bill is needed if the value of goods exceeds Rs . 1 Lakhs.

This documentation must be produced electronically for the transport of goods, regardless of whether the transport is inter-state or intra-state. The e-way bill created in any State shall be valid in any State or Union territory of India.

Who is responsible for generating e-way bill?

The e-way bill under the GST regime is expected to be produced

  1. Any licensed individual responsible for the movement of products of shipment
  2. In the case of supply ( e.g. sales); or
  3. For reasons other than supply ( e.g. return of sales, transfer of branches, etc.); or
  4. Due to the inward supply of the unregistered individual
  5. Any unregistered individual who triggers the movement of products.

Some of the important points to be noted for goods transported by road are as follows:

  1. E-Way Bill is not required for all transactions carried out by a taxable individual.
  2. the E-Way Bill is necessary For all transactions involving the transportation of goods, whether by way of supply or not,.
  3. E-Way Bill is required in transactions involving products but viewed as a supply of services such as the leasing of products or the distribution of food drinks.
  4. E-Way Bill is not needed, where products purchased in the supply of services do not involve the movement of goods.
  5. E-Way Bill is necessary, where the movement of the value of the goods is more than Rs. 50,000/-as an interstate supply.
  6. E-Way Bill is necessary, where the movement of the value of the products is more than Rs. 1.00000/-as intrastate supply.
  7. Automobile number and transporter ID in part B should be given
  8. Where the goods are transported by the supplier, the supplier must provide the carrier with the details required for the generation of the e-way bill in Part-A.
  9. On the basis of the information received by the manufacturer, the carrier creates an e-way bill by performing Part B.
  10. If the goods are transferred by the supplier in a vehicle of their own or by a hired vehicle, the supplier may fill out the data in Part B.
  11. If the carrier has received information on the transport or vehicle number, etc., a unique e-way billing number or EBN may be issued.
  12. Unless the vehicle is modified during transit, the carrier may have to correct the transport information in the e-way bill on the GST portal.
  13. Goods can only be carried with the description of Part-A:
    1. When goods are transferred within less than 50 km of the State from the place of the manufacturer to the carrier for delivery;
    2. b) If goods are shipped from the source to the receiver for a distance of less than 50 km.
  14. The E-way bill created on the GST portal is valid for all States and Union Territories.
  15. For distances of up to 100 km, the created E-way bill is valid for one day. The e-way bill will be valid for an additional day for every 100 km.
  16. If the transport can not be completed within the period of validity due to certain unforeseen situations, the carrier may generate a new e-way bill by updating the transport details.
  17. Cause for transport may be any kind of supply, return on sales, own use, jobs, etc.
  18. When there are several vehicles involved in the transport of products, the manufacturer will issue the invoice until the first shipment is completed and, with each subsequent shipment, copies of the accompanying distribution vouchers and a copy of the invoice should be given. Nevertheless, the initial invoice will be submitted with the last shipment.

The circumstances where E-Way is not needed : 

In the following cases, the generation of e-Way Bill is not necessary:

  1. The mode of carriage is a non-motor vehicle
  2. Goods transported from the customs terminal, airport, air cargo complex or land customs station to the Inland Container Depot (ICD) or Container Freight Station (CFS) for customs clearance.
  3. Goods held under customs control or under customs seal
  4. Goods transported under the Customs Bond from ICD to the customs port or from one customs station to another.
  5. Transit cargo transported from or to Nepal or Bhutan
  6. Movement of products triggered by the establishment of the defense under the Ministry of Defense as consignee or consignee
  7. Vacuum Cargo /containers are being shipped
  8. In the case Consignor transporting goods to or from the place of business and a weigh bridge at a distance of 20 km, accompanied by a Delivery Challenge.
  9. In the case Goods to be shipped by rail where the Consignor of goods is a federal government, a state government, or a local authority.
  10. In the case of Goods specified as exempt from E-Way bill requirements in the respective State / Union Territory of the GST Regulations.
  11. In case Transportation of certain defined goods-includes the list of exempt supplies of goods, annexed to Rule 138(14), goods classified as non-delivery as set out in Schedule III, other schedules of notifications of the Central Tax Rate. (PDF of the Products List).

Note: Part B of the e-Way Bill is not necessary to be filled if the gap between the consignee or consignee and the carrier is less than 50 km and the transport is in the same state.

What to do to make an eWay Bill

E-Way Bill can be created from the e-Way Bill Portal. The only thing you need is a Portal username. For a comprehensive step-by-step e-Way Bill Generation guide, check out our online e-Way Bill Generation Guide.

Records/ document or information needed for the creation of eWay Bill

  • Invoice / Bill of Supply / Challenge relating to the shipment of goods
  • Road transport – ID of the driver or vehicle number
  • Transport by rail , air or ship – ID of the carrier, the number of the transport document and the date of the document

For more information about the case, please feel free to contact Rajput Jain &       Associates by phone (+91 11 9555 555 480 ), or e-mail (info@carajput.com).

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

GST: Late fee capped at Rs. 500/- for each GSTR-3B Return

GST: Late fee capped at Rs. 500/- for each GSTR-3B Return and waives off late fee on late GST return filing

For each GSTR-3B return, a late fee of Rs. 500/- is capped.

In the perspective of the GST taxpayers’ massive relief the government has chosen to limit, on the basis of the condition that such GSTR-3B reports are filed prior to 30 September 2020, a late maximum fee of Form GSTR-3B to Rs 50/- (only 500) by tax return for the tax period July 2017 to July 2020.

Notice was provided to include zero late fees if no tax liability exists; and if there is any tax liability, the GSTR-3B returns filed by 30 September 2020 will be subject to a maximum late fee of Rs. 500 for such returns.

Thanks to further flexibility in the deferred fee paid for tax periods between May 2020 and July 2020, numerous representations have been issued. In order to clean up past pendency of returns between July 2017 and January 2020, relief has been issued for February 2020 of April 2020 in addition to previously granted. In addition, the design and implementation of a standard late payment are easier on an automated common portal.

The late fee for the return is only limited to Rs. 500/- if it is filed before 30 September 2020.

Summary of Important Due date of July and Aug 2020

Thanks

Rajput Jain & Associates

www.carajput.com

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

GST newest Notifications: summary of CBIC GST Extension Notifications dated 24 June 2020

GST latest Notifications: Analysis of CBIC Notifications on GST extensions dated 24 June 2020

Today, CBIC issued various notifications to implement the recommendations of the 40th GST Council meeting as follows: CBIC Notifications signed on 24.06.2020 regarding interest waiver and late fees. On 24 June 2020 the CBIC released multiple notifications of GST. The synopsis of those updates is here.

Notice No. 49/2020 – Central Tax: Implementing some aspects of the Finance Act, 2020

Notification No. 50/2020 – Central Tax: Notification of GST rates for individuals taxable in composition under Rule 7 of the CGST Rules

GSTR-3B-Interest rate waiver: Notification No.51/2020-Central Tax 24.06.2020: To put certain provisions of the Finance Act into force, 2020.

Notification No. 52/2020 – Central Tax: GST waiver for taxpayers who’ve not filed GSTR-3B for tax dates between July 2017 and January 2020 shall be informed as stated earlier at the 40th meeting of the GST Council. In CGST Notification No. 52/2020 dated 24 June 2020, the CBIC notified that between 1 July 2020 and 30 September 2020, Zero GSTR-3B could be filed without a late fee for the above duration. Furthermore, it shall be limited to a maximum of Rs 250 per return per month per act for the remaining taxpayers.

A late fee exemption also moved the last GSTR-1 deadlines from March to June 2020 as of June 30th, 2020. The latest timelines for monthly filing without even a late fee charge will be from March to June 2020, 10th, 24th, 28th July 2020 and 5th August 2020 respectively. The last date for the GSTR-1 quarterly is 17th July and 3rd August 2020 for the quarters January-March 2020 and April-June 2020.

Big taxpayers have not been informed of further extensions for filing GSTR-3B from February to May 2020, with an annual turnover of more than Rs 5 Crore in the previous financial year. Furthermore, no interest should have been paid from the respective due dates of February to April 2020, i.e. 20th of the following month, for the first 15 days respectively. After that, interest at a 9 percent p.a. reduced rate. Any further delay in GST payments would have been imposed till 24 June 2020.

Initially, taxpayers with an aggregate annual turnover of up to Rs 5 crore in the last financial year have their due date staggered as 22nd # or 24th # of their next month, depending on the state / UT from which they run their main place of business. For the exception of May 2020, its due date staggered as July 12th # or 14th # # 2020. Furthermore, in the exception, August 2020 also comes with yesterday’s due date extended to 1st # or 3rd # # October 2020.

The CBIC has abolished the taxpayer bifurcation based on the annual sales up to Rs 1.5 crore, or between Rs 1.5 crore and Rs 5 crore. Correctly, as per yesterday’s 40th meeting of the GST Council, the late fee and the interest waiver will continue until September 2020

GSTR-1-Late Fees / Penalty Waiver: Notification No.53/2020-Central Tax 24.06.2020: Conditional waiver of late fees for all GSTR 1 registered persons for months/quarters ending March to June 2020, if submitted by the time set.

GSTR-3B-Extension of the deadline for Aug 2020: Notification No.54/2020-Central Tax 24.06.2020: extension of the deadline for submission of GSTR 3B to 1/3 October 2020

Summary of Important Due date of July and Aug 2020

Thanks

Rajput Jain & Associates

www.carajput.com

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

Whirlpool convicted & imposed a penalty of Rs 4.07 lakh by NAA for denying customers the benefit of the GST rate reduction.

Whirlpool convicted in accordance with Rs. 4,07,451/- of profiteering by the National Anti Profiteering Authority on its fridges

NAA discovered the long-term consumer corporation Whirlpool of India convicted of not having to pass on a GST rate reduction advantage of more than Rs 4.07 lakh to its refrigerator purchasers. Kerala State Screening Committee Anti-Profiteering (NAA) vs. Whirlpool India Ltd.

The concise details of the matter are that the petitioner had made reference a case against Whirlpool to the Standing Committee on Anti-Profit-making alleging profiteering on the supply of fridge Whirlpool (HSN code 84182100), by not passing on the benefit of reducing tax rate w. e. f. 1 July 2017 Pursuant to Section 171 of the CGST Act , 2017, by way of a substantial price decrease.

Few justifications by the defendant and the authority to reply

The plaintiff contended that the rise in prices could not be created because of other commercial factors, which had the impact of placing unlawful restraint on his fundamental right and was consequently in accordance with Article 19(1)(g) of the Indian Constitution.

In this relation, it would also be important to state that section 171(1) requires only the participant to pass on the advantage of the reduction in taxes to the purchasers and does not require him to set his prices in accordance with any authority direction. The above profit was provided by the government to ordinary buyers by sacrificing their valuable tax revenue which the respondent can not be permitted to misappropriate and enrich themselves at the detriment of unorganized, voiceless, and vulnerable common buyers. The respondent is free to exercise his right to trade and set prices, but under the pretext that it infringes his right to trade, he can not deny the above benefit.

The defendant also argued that the product’s manufacturing cost (BOM) had experienced a rise since August 2016 due to a rise in the cost of raw materials which had been computerized to come at the MAP at the end of each and every month.

In this relation, it would also be necessary to note that on the very date from which the tax rate was reduced, there was no reason for the respondent to increase its basic price. There is also no justification for ascertaining why the respondent had not raised its price every month during the period from August 2016 to June 2017 when he computed the MAP every month.

The representative also claimed that there had been an increase in the total freight cost in 2017 compared to Rs. 29 per unit in 2016, which was expected to be added to the price.

As mentioned above, the defendant had no reason to raise its price on the occasion of the reduction in taxes, and thus the respondent’s argument is frivolous and not bonafide, which was made with an ulterior purpose for the betterment of the tax cut.

Held by Authority: on the grounds of the details of the matter, the amount profited by Whirlpool shall be determined as Rs. 4,07,451/-. The Respondent is instructed to lower the price with the above-mentioned product and also to deposit the benefited amount together with interest at 18 percent. A notice of cause shall be issued to him to illustrate why the punishment under the GST Act should not be enforced on him.

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

ITC on Sales of ‘Demo Cars Supply: GST Implication

Impact of GST: ITC on Vehicles on Sale of ‘ Demo Cars Supply by Dealers

Overview

Demo cars are being used by car dealerships to demonstrate automotive functionality with a view to encouraging sales. Clients test-drive demo models to experience efficiency and understand the benefits of the vehicle. These cars are used for a limited period of time and will then be sold.

The essence of the demo car: a capital good or a dealer’s input?

Pursuant to section 2(19) of the CGST Act, 2017 “capital goods” means goods, the value of which is capitalized on the books of accounts of a person claiming an input tax credit and which are used or intended to be used in the course or in the course of business.

As set out in section 2(59) of the CGST Act, 2017 “input” means any goods other than capital goods used or expected to be used by a supplier in the duration of or in the course of trade or business.

Consequently, a test car can be either an input or a capital asset. In compliance with the above definitions, the prototype vehicle can be classified as a capital asset because it is used for market marketing and is not intended for retail sales to consumers. If the demo car is capitalized on the books of the accounts, it will be regarded as a capital asset. If not, it may be input.

Taxability and Tax Rate

The car dealer had to have registered demo cars in his title and, by nature of registration, the dealer will become the first holder of such cars and, afterward, the car dealer may sell demo cars and, at the time of sale, the vehicle registration will be transferred to the customer.

The transfer of the demo car to the client by the car dealer shall be liable to GST and shall be subject to taxation at the rates set for the cars. The Government has, however, laid down separate provisions for persons engaged in the purchase and sale of second-hand goods. Although demo cars have been used until the vehicles had been sold by the manufacturer, the rules of the old and used vehicle could be drawn.

The dealer possesses the following two options:

Option-1 The dealer may submit the concessional tax rate as specified in Notification No.-8/2018 Central Tax (Rate) dated 25-1-2018 only if no ITC has been claimed by him under the GST or former laws. The concessional GST rates are 18 percent for old and used large vehicles (in the case of Petrol LPG / CNG powered motor vehicles with an engine capacity of 1200cc or more and in other motor vehicles with an engine capacity of 1500cc or more) and 12 percent for other old and used vehicles. The govt also exempted the compensation cess for all old and used motor vehicles empty Notification No.1/2018 – Compensation Cess (Rate) dated 25-1-2018.

Option-2 If the dealer seems unable to apply the concessional tax rate as set out in the above-mentioned notification, the dealer shall be permitted to take the ITC at 28 percent on the buy of demo cars and the normal GST rate and, compensation cess ranging from 1% to 22% as the case may be will be applicable.

Input Tax Credit Availability

At the time of registration and payment, the dealer should have recorded the car as a fixed asset in his accounting records, regardless of whether or not the ITC had been claimed. Demo cars are usually purchased on a tax invoice by dealers who are capitalized on their accounting record as capital goods and expressed on the Company’s fixed assets, except the GST component.

Pursuant to the provisions of the Input Tax Credit given for in Section 17(5) of the CGST Act, the ITC on motor vehicles for the transport of persons is available when such vehicles are used in the further supply of such motor vehicles or for training on the driving of such motor vehicles. In addition, the Authority for Advance Rulings, Kerala, held that the input tax paid by the vehicle dealer on the purchase of a motor vehicle used for client display purposes can be used as an input tax credit for capital goods and offset against the output tax payable under the GST. Demo vehicles are either capital goods that are used in the process of operation or are eligible for the production tax credit.

Valuation under the GST Regime

As per valuation laws, a special method is required in situations where a taxable supply is provided by a person engaged in the purchasing and sale of second-hand products, i.e. used products as such or after some slight processing, that does not modify the value of the goods and that no input tax credit has been used for the procurement of such goods. In such cases, the value of the supply shall be the difference between the selling price and the purchase price and shall be ignored if the value of the supply is negative. However, it should be noted that, if ITC is taken, above that the mentioned option-1 concessional rate is not available and the car dealer shall pay an amount equal to the

on demo cars reduced by the percentage points that may be recommended or the transaction value tax on those capital goods determined as the value of the taxable supply, whichever is higher.

Concluding

It varies depending on the wholesaler whether he wants to apply the concessional GST rate to the sale of demo vehicles for which he has not been able to make use of ITC and needs to fulfill other prescribed conditions. Alternatively, it can make use of ITC and make use of the same with the payment of the output tax liability and during the sale of demo vehicles.

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

GSTN provided guidance on the GST Registration facility available for IRP

The facility for the registration of IRPs made available on the GST Portal

  • Insolvency Resolution Professionals / Resolution Professionals (IRPs / RPs), named to conduct corporate insolvency resolution proceedings for corporate debtors, in the form of notice. No 11/2020-CT of 21 March 2020 may apply for a new registration on the GST Portal, on behalf of the Corporate Debtors, in each of the States or Union Territories, on the PAN and CIN of the Corporate Debtor, where the Corporate Debtor was registered earlier, within thirty days of their appointment as IRP / RP.
  • The Registration Explanation should be picked as Corporate Debtor undergoing the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process with IRP/RP ” from the drop-down menu.
  • The day of the commencement of operations for IRP / RPs will be the day of their appointment. Their compliance duties may also fall into force from the date of their appointment.
  • The person named as IRP / RP shall be the Primary Approved Signator of the newly registered Company.
  • Information as stated in the original registration of the Corporate Debtors shall be entered in the Main Place of Business / Additional Place of Business.
  • The new form for registration shall have been sent electronically to the GST Website under the IRP / RP DSC.
  • New IRP / RP registration will only be needed once. In the event of a change in IRP / RP, a change of the approved signatory will be called after the original appointment and not the appointment of a different individual needing a new register.
  • In cases where the RP is not the same as the IRP, or in cases where a different IRP / RP is appointed in the middle of the insolvency process, a change in the GST system may be made through a non-core change in the registration form.
  • The adjustment to the Primary Authorized Signatory information on the site can be made either by the authorized signatory of the Company or by the competent court officer (if the former authorized signatory may not exchange the credentials with his successor) at the request of the IRP / RP.

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

Amendment in Section 140 of the CGST Act 2017: Intends to formalise the gap in the law and to put an end to legal proceedings.

Backdated amendment in Section 140 of the CGST Act 2017: intends to formalise the gap in the law and to put an end to legal proceedings. – Notification No. 43/2020-Central Taxes, dated 16.05.2020

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS FOR ITC NOTIFY U / S 140 OF CGST ACT

  • CBDT INFORMED PROVISIONS U / S TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS FOR ITC
  • TRANSITIONAL CENVAT CREDIT – ENACTED PROVISIONS EFFECTIVE FROM 18.05.2020

CBDT, Ministry of Finance, (Department of Revenue) vide Notification No. 43/2020 –Canter  Tax dated 16 May 2020 has released notification requesting the entry into force of Section 128 of the Finance Act 2020 to amend Section 140 of the CGST Act w.e.f. 01.07.2017.

What was the change to Section 140 of the CGST Act, 2017?

Section 140 of the CGST Act deals with transitional GST payments. The terms “within that period” have been used in the various clauses of Section 140 of the CGST Act, 2017 of the Finance Act, 2020. The said change has a retrospective effect from 1 July 2017, i.e. the very first day of introduction of the GST. However, until now, that provision of the Finance Act 2020 has not been put into force. The reform has now been enforced by CBIC empty Notice No. 43/2020-Central Tax dated 16.05.2020 from 18 May 2020.

What was the need for an amendment?

Previous to the amendment referred to above, Section 140 did not include a time limit on the use of transitional GST credits. However, Rule 117 of the CGST Rules 2017 does contain a time limit, but in the past two years, different writs have been filed by taxpayers before the High Courts challenging the validity of the time limit laid down in Rule 117 of the CGST Rules 2017 for the use of transitional credits under the GST.

The High Courts held that the CGST Rules could not supersede the CGST Act. Since the CGST Act does not allow any time limit for the use of transitional credits under the GST, therefore, the CGST Rules that set the time limit for the use of transitional credits are unconstitutional. There has since been pending lawsuits surrounding the legitimacy of Rule 117.

The amendment referred to above seeks to regularize the gap in the law and to put an end to the dispute with regard to the validity of Rule 117 of the CGST Rules.

What will be the effective date of amendment?

While the above amendments to section 140 of the CGST Act is valid as of 01 July 2017, section 128 of the finance bill 2020 (through which the above amendment was made) has been in force as of 18 May 2020. This means that the law does not plan to reverse the actions of taxpayers until 18 May 2020.

KEY DIFFERENCE IN THE AMENDMENT IN SECTION 140 OF THE CGST ACT 2017 ARE PROVIDE IN THE BELOW ANALYSIS:

Before Amendment After Amendment (Section 128 of Finance Act, 2020)
(1) A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in the return relating to the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day, furnished by him under the existing law in such manner as may be prescribed: (1) A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in the return relating to the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day, furnished by him under the “within such time and” in such manner as may be prescribed:
(2) A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the unavailed CENVAT credit in respect of capital goods, not carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, for the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day in such manner as may be prescribed: (2) A registered person, other than a person opting to pay tax under section 10, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the unavailed CENVAT credit in respect of capital goods, not carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, for the period ending with the day immediately preceding the  “within such time and” in such manner as may be prescribed:
(3) A registered person, who was not liable to be registered under the existing law, or who was engaged in the manufacture of exempted goods or provision of exempted services, or who was providing works contract service and was availing of the benefit of notification No. 26/2012—Service Tax, dated the 20th June, 2012 or a first stage dealer or a second stage dealer or a registered importer or a depot of a manufacturer, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day subject to the following conditions, namely:–– (3) A registered person, who was not liable to be registered under the existing law, or who was engaged in the manufacture of exempted goods or provision of exempted services, or who was providing works contract service and was availing of the benefit of notification No. 26/2012—Service Tax, dated the 20th June, 2012 or a first stage dealer or a second stage dealer or a registered importer or a depot of a manufacturer, shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished  “goods held in stock on the appointed day, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, subject to” the following conditions, namely:––
(5) A registered person shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs or input services received on or after the appointed day but the duty or tax in respect of which has been paid by the supplier under the existing law, subject to the condition that the invoice or any other duty or tax paying document of the same was recorded in the books of account of such person within a period of thirty days from the appointed day: (5) A registered person shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs or input services received on or after the appointed day but the duty or tax in respect of which has been paid by the supplier under the  “existing law, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed”, subject to the condition that the invoice or any other duty or tax paying document of the same was recorded in the books of account of such person within a period of thirty days from the appointed day:
(6) A registered person, who was either paying tax at a fixed rate or paying a fixed amount in lieu of the tax payable under the existing law shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day subject to the following conditions, namely:–– (6) A registered person, who was either paying tax at a fixed rate or paying a fixed amount in lieu of the tax payable under the existing law shall be entitled to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of eligible duties in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the appointed day, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, subject to subject to the following conditions, namely:––
(7) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, the input tax credit on account of any services received prior to the appointed day by an Input Service Distributor shall be eligible for distribution as credit under this Act even if the invoices relating to such services are received on or after the appointed day. (7) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, the input tax credit on account of any services received prior to the appointed day by an Input Service Distributor shall be eligible for distribution as “credit under this Act, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, even if” the invoices relating to such services are received on or after the appointed day.
(8) Where a registered person having centralised registration under the existing law has obtained a registration under this Act, such person shall be allowed to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, in respect of the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day in such manner as may be prescribed: (8) Where a registered person having centralised registration under the existing law has obtained a registration under this Act, such person shall be allowed to take, in his electronic credit ledger, credit of the amount of CENVAT credit carried forward in a return, furnished under the existing law by him, in respect of the period ending with the day immediately preceding the appointed day  “within such time and in such manner”  as may be prescribed:
(9) Where any CENVAT credit availed for the input services provided under the existing law has been reversed due to non-payment of the consideration within a period of three months, such credit can be reclaimed subject to the condition that the registered person has made the payment of the consideration for that supply of services within a period of three months from the appointed day. (9) Where any CENVAT credit availed for the input services provided under the existing law has been reversed due to non-payment of the consideration within a period of three months, such  “credit can be reclaimed within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, subject to” the condition that the registered person has made the payment of the consideration for that supply of services within a period of three months from the appointed day.

Enacted Provisions informed on 16 May and come into operation on 18 May 2020.

Link: https:/www.cbic.gov.in / sources/htdocs-cbec / gst / notfctn-43-central-tax-english-2020.pdf

Post by Rajput Jain & Associates

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

Latest Indirect Tax Update by the Council on Goods and Services Tax India

Current Indirect Tax Update by the Indian Goods and Services Tax Council

Home Page of Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs

# CBIC has explained that an application for a refund may be submitted before 30.06.2020 as the duration of two years is between 20.03.2020 and 29.06.2020.

# CBIC has clarified that an application for a letter of undertaking (LUT) for export without payment of tax may be filed for F.Y. until 30.06.2020. 2020–21.

# CBIC has explained that where taxes have been paid in respect of any supply which has been returned / canceled subsequently, the taxpayer may demand the refund in Form GST RFD-01 if there is no corresponding production liability for the adjustment of the Credit Note.

# Form GST PMT-09 is now available on the GST Site, and can be used to transfer cash balances from one tax head to another tax head.

# CBIC instructed FORM GST PMT-09 of the move of balances in Cash Ledger from one head (Tax / Interest / Fee, CGST / SGST / IGST) to another head (Tax / Interest / Fee, CGST / SGST / IGST). The form has been enabled on the GST Portal and can be filed as required.

# 30.06.2020 is the latest due date of GSTR-1 for the months of March, April and May, 20 and Q4 (2019-20) for all taxpayers irrespective of turnover.

# CBIC has instructed that a registered person will be able to file NIL returns in the form GSTR-3B via a sms service using a registered mobile number and must be checked by an OTP obtained on a registered mobile number.

# Established composition Taxable person to file CMP-08 for Q4 (2019-20) by 07.07.2020 instead of 18.04.2020 and file GSTR-4 for FY 2019-20 by 15.07.2020 instead of 30.04.2020.

# 05.05.2020 is the due date for filing GSTR-3B for taxpayers with a cumulative turnover of more than INR 5 crores for the month of March, 20. Note-filing GSTR-3B by the latter date will not grant you an extra expense burden on interest and late fees. However, you will file 9 percent interest and zero late fees over GSTR-3B before 24.06.2020.

# CBIC has notified that GSTR 3B has been verified by the Electronic Verification Code (EVC) during the period from 21.04.2020 to 30.06.2020.

# Budget 2020 revised Section 51 of the GST Act to eliminate the requirement that the tax deductor grants the “GST TDS Certificate.”

Note-To collects the deducted TDS, you need to sign in to the “GST Server” and go to the “Returns-TDS and TCS Credit Earned” page. The moment you submit such a return, the amount of TDS deducted will come in “Electronic Cash Ledger” and, interestingly, the same amount may also be deducted from RCM’s liability.

# Condition of ITC @ 110 percent of eligible ITC in 2A (if available) to be checked “cumulatively” for the months of Feb to Sep, 20 as per CBIC Notification.

THE DUE DATE TO FILE GSTR-3B: # Cautiously respond to the due dates of GSTR-3B relevant in your case for the coming months (as shown in the Master Updates above). When you are considering selecting a due date with a decreased interest (* *) above, choose the same option in these situations:

  • If your net tax obligation is “Nil,” no interest can be paid in that situation.
  • If you have to pay tax by some Interest Rate loan, more than 9 percent p.a.
  • February, 2020:
    • Nominated 04.04.2020 is the due date for filing GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover > INR 5 crores. * *
    • Nominated 29.06.2020 is the due date for filing GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 5 crores but > INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.
    • Nominated 30.06.2020 is the due date of the GSTR-3B file for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.
  • March, 2020:
    • Nominated 05.05.2020 is the due date to file GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover > INR 5 crores.
    • Nominated 29.06.2020 is the due date to file GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 5 crores yet > INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.
    • Nominated 03.07.2020 is the due date of the GSTR-3B file for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.
  • April, 2020:
    • nominated 04.06.2020 is the due date for filing GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover > INR 5 crores.
    • Nominated 30.06.2020 is the due date for filing GSTR-3B for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 5 crores yet > INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.
    • Nominated 06.07.2020 is the due date of the GSTR-3B file for taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 1.50 crores in the previous year.

Note : If not filed before the due date but filed before 24.06.2020, then decreased interest @ 9 per cent p.a. It would be available without any LATE FEES.

  • May, 2020:
    • The due date for filing GSTR-3B by taxpayers with Turnover > INR 5 crores is 27.06.2020.
    • 07.2020 is the due date for the filing of GSTR-3B by taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 5 Crores AND Notes with the “22nd day of next month” as the earlier due date.
    • Nominated 14.07.2020 is the due date for the filing of GSTR-3B by taxpayers with Turnover < = INR 5 Crores AND Notes with the “24th day of next month” as the earlier due date.

Applicable Annual Report and GST Audit

# GSTR-9 (Annual Report) is expected to be submitted only by taxpayers with gross turnover in excess of INR 2 crores in the financial year 2018-19.

# GSTR-9C (Audited Reco. Statement) is expected to be submitted by taxpayers with an annual turnover of more than INR 5 crores in the financial year 2018-19.

# GSTR-9A (Annual Return by Arrangement Taxable Person) is not necessary to be filed for F.Y in any case. Financial Year 2018-19, since “Optional” is the same thing.

# CBIC has issued a Notification to exempt foreign airline companies w.r.t. from filing GSTR-9C (Reconciliation Statement) where the company complies with the provisions of the Foreign Company Compliance Act and is only required to file ‘Receipt and Payment Account’ for each GSTIN by 30 September of each year.

# The due date of GSTR-9 (Annual Return) and GSTR-9C (Audited Reco Statement) for FY 2018-19 has been extended to 30.09.2020. Note: GSTR-9 is required to be filed only by taxpayers with an aggregate turnover of more than INR 2 crores in the 2018-19 fiscal year. However, GSTR-9C is expected to be submitted only by taxpayers with an annual turnover of more than INR 5 crores in the 2018-19 fiscal year.

# Technical Words of caution for GSTR-9/9C:

  • Appreciable Estimates for GSTR-9 are self-populated for GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B for REFERENCE purposes only.
  • Appropriate In the event that the supplies indicated in GSTR-1 and/or GSTR-3B vary from the real supplies for some reason, the estimates are to be revised “manually” in Part II (B2B, B2C etc) and the “price due” number is to be revised “manually” in Table 9 of GSTR-9.
  • After changing Section II and Table 9, you can see a “payable discrepancy” in Table 9 after modifying the sums “Paying by Cash + Charged by ITC.” This balance will be compensated by the taxpayer via DRC-03. In case of excess already paying, the refund may be requested via RFD-01.
  • If paid as above, there is no provision to include the same differential number in GSTR-9C in the table “Auditor Recommendation”.

Post by Rajput Jain & Associates

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

SITUATIONS THAT WHICH MAY LEAD TO A GST REFUND OF CLAIMS

The Refund Process Under GST? - ExcelDataPro

What’s the GST refund?

Usually, when the GST paid is more than the GST liability, the GST refund situation arises. In the context of GST, the process of claiming a refund is standardized to avoid confusion. The mechanism is online and deadlines have also been set for the same thing.

What is the GST ARN number?

The ARN is a 15-digit application reference number that is recognized by the GST portal while submitting the GST Registration application. The ARN number helps to track the status of the GST portal application for registration. If the applicant already knows the number of his application for registration, it is much better, but if the applicant does not know his ARN, then this is the process to know the number of the application.

Situations that may lead to a refund of claims

A proper refund process is necessary for successful tax administration, as trade is encouraged by the release of restricted funds for the modernisation, growth and capital needs of a company. There are many cases in which refunds can be claimed. Here are some of them.  There are many cases in which refunds can be claimed. Here are some of them the circumstances which could lead to claims for refund include:

  1. The excess tax payment is due to error or omission.
  2. Exports of Product/Services
  3. Dealer Exports (including deemed export) goods / services on the basis of a refund or refund
  4. GST Refund if the embassies buy.
  5. Supplies to developers and units in special economic zones
  6. Refund of accrued input tax credit on account of inverted duty structure
  7. Refund of pre-deposit if any
  8. Refund will arising from court order/judgment/direction and decree of the Appellate Tribunal, Appellate Authority or any court of law
  9. Refund of taxes when embassies make purchases
  10. Finalisation of provisional assessment
  11. Excess payment because of an error
  12. Refund due to issuance of refund vouchers for taxes paid on advances against which commodities or services haven’t been supplied
  13. Finalization of the provisional assessment
  14. Tax refund for international tourists who paid GST on commodities within the country and carried to an international location when they depart India
  15. Refund of SGST and CGST paid by considering the supply in the course of inter-state commerce or trade
  16. ITC accumulation on the basis that the output is tax-exempt or zero-rated

Requirement of list of Documents for GST refund application

Applicants who wish to make a claim will have to submit detailed documents in addition to a refund claim. The documents prescribed for the same are standard documents. Therefore, for each claim, the primary document to be submitted is a statement of the relevant invoices relating to the claim. If the refund is made on account of the export of services, not including the invoice declaration, the relevant bank accounting certificates verifying receipt of payment in foreign currency should also be provided. In the event that a claim is made by the Supplier to the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) unit, the Authorized Officer will have to confirm receipt of such goods or services in the SEZ and submit the same along with the other documents. In addition, the SEZ unit will also have to make a declaration stating that the ITC tax paid by the supplier has not been used.

List of documents required for GST Refund Processing-

  1. Copy of Form RFD 01 A filed on the common portal-
  2. Copy of Statement 3 A of Form RFD 01 A generated on the common portal-
  3. Copy of Statement 3 of Form RFD 01 A
  4. Invoices relating to input and output services-
  5. BRC / FIRC for export of services-Company / Declaration in Form RFD 01 A

Refund Process under GST

In order to process a refund claim, the following procedure must be followed:
• Visit the GSTN portal and fill in the application form to claim the refund.

  • You will receive an email or an SMS containing an acknowledgement number after the application has been filed electronically.
  • The Cash and Return Ledger will be adjusted and the “Input Tax Credit Carry Forward” will be reduced automatically.
  • The request for refund, together with the documents you have submitted, will be examined by the authorities for a period of 30 days after the request for refund has been filed.
  • “Unjust enrichment” (explained below) is a concept that will be thoroughly scrutinized by the authorities. In the event that the application is not eligible, the refund will be transferred to the Consumer Welfare Fund (CWF).
  • In the event that the refund claimed by the individual exceeds the predetermined amount of the refund, a pre-audit procedure will be carried out before the refund is punished.
  • The payment of the refund shall be made electronically to the applicant’s account through NEFT, RTGS or ECS.
  • Individuals are allowed to submit their applications for refund at the end of each quarter.
  • If the amount of the refund is less than Rs.1000, no refund will be granted to the individual.

Process of refunding the GST for exports pursuant to the present return file

Unjust Enrichment

Due to the fact that GST is an indirect tax structure and that the consumer has to bear its incidence, it is usually assumed that the owner of the business will transfer the incidence of tax to the final consumer. For the same reason, any refund claim (excluding specified exceptions) is required to pass the “unjust enrichment” test. If such claims are punished, they shall first be transferred to the Consumer Welfare Fund. The test shall not apply to refund of accumulated ITC, refund of payment of incorrect tax, refund on account of exports, refund of tax paid on supplies, etc. In addition to the above-mentioned incidents, the “unjust enrichment” test must be carried out if the claim amount is to be received by the applicant.

Post by Rajput Jain & Associates

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)