All About Signing of Financial Statement Of Company
- The financial statement is one of the important documents of a corporate entity which is required to be prepare in every financial year and audited by the auditors of the corporate entity. The financial statement provides a summary of the company’s assets, Liabilities and shareholders’ equity.
- Financial statement is required to be prepared so that the shareholders can get an idea about the financial position and operation of the corporate.
- This information is utilized by the shareholders to gather information about the company’s performance and hence can make decisions whether to take a position in such company or not.
- Every company, whether private or public, is required to submit an annual financial statement with the ROC in form AOC-4 and MGT-7 (together with any appropriate attachments) within six months after the end of the relevant financial year.
Adoption of Financial Statements
- The company is required to adopt the financial statement within the AGM. The AGM of the corporate could be held within 6 months from the end of the relevant financial year i.e. 30th September.
- After signing the financial statement, including consolidated financial statement, if any, shall be circulated together with a copy each stakeholder.
Meaning & Definition of Financial Statements
Section 2 (40) of the companies Act 2013 states that the financial statement includes the subsequent items:
- Balance sheet;
- Profit and loss account, or in the case of a nonprofit organization, an income and expenditure account for the year
- Cash flow statement
- Statement in respect of changes in equity, and
- Annexure forming a part of the budget
Preparation of Financial Statemen
- The financial statement of the corporate shall be prepared in accordance with Schedule III of section 129 of the companies Act, 2013 and such plan laid before the shareholders at the Annual general meeting of the corporate.
Signing of Financial Statement
As per the provisions of Section 134 of Companies Act, 2013 financial statement would be signed by the following:
- Chairperson of the corporate (if he’s authorized by the board of directors) or
- By any 2 Directors of the said entity, one of which should be a Managing Director, and
- Chief Executive Officer/ Company Secretary/ Chief financial officer of the corporate (on the basis of their appointment within the Company.
Note: Chairperson of the corporate can sign the financial statements after authorized by the Board of directors regardless of whether he chaired the meeting or not.
The signed financial statement submitted to the auditor then the auditor shall prepare an Auditors’ report and also the same shall be attached to the financial statement.
Adoption & Circulation of Financial Statement
Financial Statement must be adopted by the firm at the Annual General Meeting. The company’s Annual General Meeting may well be convened within six months of the financial year’s end, on September 30th.
The financial statement, including any consolidated financial statements, shall be circulated after signing, along with a duplicate of each of—
• the auditor’s report; and
• any notes or annexure
• the Board’s report
Board’s Report Content:
• CSR Policy & initiatives
• Address of Website of the corporate.
• Statement of the Company’s affairs.
• Details in respect of the Contracts or arrangements which have been entered into with the Related party, and the same be provided in Form No. AOC-2.
• Director’s Responsibility statement.
• Details in respect of activity undertaken for the conservation or renewal of energy, technology and information on the foreign exchange.
• Policy on Remuneration & Director’s Appointment.
• Any sought of adverse remarks, being received from the Secretarial Auditor in the Report or by the internal auditor, along with their respective comment with regard to the remarks which have been made by the Board of Directors of the entity.
• Details of fraud Reported by auditor.
• Statement of Annual Evaluation
• Declaration by Independent Directors.
• No of Board Meetings.
• Details of guarantees, loans or Investments.
•Amount carrying reserves or paid by Dividend.
• CSR Policy and initiatives.
Requirement of Directors Signature
The financial statement of the corporate is required to sign by two directors out of which one shall be managing director or by one director if the corporate has just one director.
Mandatory Signature of Company Secretary
- As per Section 134(1), the corporate within which the Whole-time Company Secretary is appointed, then it’s mandatory that the financial statement is signed from the Whole-time Company Secretary. Further if the corporate appointed Chief executive officer or Chief financial officer then the financial statement shall even be signed from them.
- Where the corporate doesn’t have a CFO and CS then only chairman can sign the financial statement. Where the corporate doesn’t have a chairperson or not authorized by the board, signing of financial statements by two directors one of which shall be managing director and the CFO, if he’s a director.
Signing of Financials in OPC
Financial statement of One Person Company shall be signed by only one director.
Electronic Signing of Financial Statements
The financial statement of the businesses can also be signed electronically with the Digital Signature of the directors, Chief Executive Officer/ Company Secretary/ Chief financial officer and also the Statutory Auditors of the corporate.
Date of Signing of Financial Statements
The date of signing of financial Statement including balance sheet, Profit & Loss, cash flow Statement and other supporting Documents shall be the date which may either be before the date of signing of Audit report or can be the actual date of signing of audit report by the auditor.
Signing Dates of Financial Statements by Directors & Auditors
- The financial statements of the corporate after signed by the directors send to the Auditors for signing. Generally, it is observed that the auditors and directors sign the financial statement at different places and hence, the same tends to be undertaken at different dates.
- This means that the date of signing of financials by the auditors may be different from the date of signing by the directors.
- When the financial statement of the corporate is signed by both the directors and also by the Auditor, then the same be adopted by the shareholders within the Annual General Meeting of the corporate.
Approval of Financial Statement
As per the provisions of Section 134(1) financial statement of the corporate shall be approved by the board of Directors in its meeting and signed on behalf of the board.
Financial Statement Can be revised
Company is only allowed to file a revised Financial Statement once every FY. After receiving an order from the Tribunal, the Company can file a revised Financial Statement with ROC, together with a copy of the ruling, provided that the Company can update the financial statements for any of the previous 3 Financial Years.
There is two kind of Financial Statement Can be revised like Compulsory Revision & Voluntary Revision
Different of Compulsory Revision Vs Voluntary Revision
|Basis of Difference||Voluntary revision of Financial Statement||Compulsory revision of Financial Statement
|Application Grounds||Company can apply if the Financial Statement are not made or prepared as per the law.||An application under this section can only be made if accounts are found to be fraudulent, misleading, or incorrect.|
|Provision Governing||It is governed under the provision of U/s 131 of companies act||It is regulated u/s 130 of companies act|
|Filing of Petition||The Company through its representative such as practicing professionals can apply to the Tribunal for the revision of its statement.||The central government, Income tax authority, SEBI, and such authorities can apply for revising the Financial Statements.|
|Permissible revision||Books cannot be revised for more than 3 preceding FY.||Books of Director can be revised of up to 8 previous FY .|
- In accordance with the Section 134 of the companies Act, 2013 financial statement of the corporate must be signed accordance with the rules and provisions of the Act. it’s mandatory for each and every company to follow the provisions of the Act.
- If the corporate fails to accommodates the provisions of signing of financial statements as mentioned within the Act, then the corporate shall be at risk of a penalty of INR 3 lakh and apart from this, each officer of the corporate who is in default shall be prone to a penalty of fifty thousand rupees and the concerned directors / officers of the corporate become liable to fine / imprisonment / both.
MCA Update as on 24 Jan 2022
- Annual General Meeting of company can be held 30.11.2021 as per AGM Extension provided by the MCA. Accordingly shorter notice agm can be done on 30.11.2021,
- Balance sheet can be signed lastly on 30.11.2021. UDIN is to be generated with 60 days of signing of balance sheet.
- Last date to generate UDIN is 28.01.2022 for signing the balance sheet.
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