GST – A REALITY SOON

GST – A REALITY SOON

www.carajput.com; GST

www.carajput.com; GST

The 122ND Constitutional Amen tdment Bill for the introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST) inhe Indian Constitution has been passed by the Rajya Sabha. The Bill has already passed by the Lower House (Lok Sabha) on 6th May 2015. Further, the Empowered Committee of the State Finance Ministers has released Model GST Law in June 2016. In order to have GST as the indirect Taxation Structure in force following steps needs to be followed:

Steps to convert GST a reality

  • 122nd Constitutional Amendment Bill to be ratified by at least 50% of the State Legislatures under Article 368 of the Constitution.
  • Assent by President of India to the 122nd Constitutional Amendment Bill will require.
  • After Constitutional amendment GST Council (GSTC) to be constituted within 60 daysunder Section 279A of the amended Constitution.
  • GSTC to recommend GST Law and procedure. IGST and CGST bill for Parliament/Centre and Model SGST bill for State Legislature.
  • CGST and IGST Laws to be introduced in Parliament and will require be passed by simple majority.
  • SGST Laws to be passed by concerned state legislatures.
  • Once Approval from Parliament and States, GSTN (GST network a Section 8 Company will launch the IT Platform for implementation of GST).

GST Council Formation Approved – A Step Forward :  Another step has been taken by the government on the right direction for the implementation of biggest tax reform. The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty¬ second Amendment) Bill, 2014, for introduction of Goods and Services tax in the Constitution of the country was accorded assent by the President on 8th September, 2016, and the same has been passed as the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016.

Today, i.e. on 12th September 2016, the union Cabinet has approved the setting up of the GST Council (Section 279A) and its secretariat with the following details:

  • Union Finance minister will be the Chairperson with state finance ministers as members to the GST council
  • Setting up of Secretariat of GST council with its office at New Delhi
  • Appointment of the secretary (Revenue) as the Ex-Officio Secretary to the GST Council.
  • Inclusion of the Chairperson, CBEC as a permanent invitee (non-voting) to all the proceedings of the GST Council
  • Create one post of Additional Secretary to the GST Council in its secretariat (at the level of Additional secretary to the Government of India), and four post of the Commissioner in its secretariat (at the level of Joint secretary to the Government of India)

The Finance Minister has also decided to call the first meeting of the GST Council on 22nd and 23rd September 2016 in New Delhi.

The GST Council shall make recommendations on tax rates, cesses, exemptions, threshold limit, and other provisions.

GST Constitutional Amendment Bill gets Presidential assent:  Honorable The President of India gave assent to the 122nd Constitutional Amendment Bill 2014 on Goods and Services Tax (GST) and now it becomes One Hundred and First Amendment Act, 2016, a major milestone for the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) expected to be implemented by 1st April 2017.

For your information, The Bill was passed unanimously by both the houses of Parliament in august 2016 and ratified by the legislative assemblies of more than 50% of the states. Assam was the first state to ratify the Bill and the other states which have passed the legislation include Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Nagaland, Maharashtra, Haryana, Sikkim, Mizoram, Telangana, Goa, Odisha and Rajasthan.

Going forward, GST Council will be formed within 60 days of the enactment of One Hundred and First Amendment Act, 2016. CGST and IGST laws will be introduced in Parliament and SGST Laws in State Legislative Assemblies for the rollout of GST.

Article on Supply without Consideration under GST : (Permanent transfer/ disposal of business assets and Temporary application of business assets to a private or non- business use)

With the passage of 122nd Constitutional Amendment Bill as One Hundred and First Amendment Act, 2016 in both the houses of Parliament by full majority and the release of Draft GST Model in June 2016 by the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers, it is expected that the GST will be in force very soon.

The Team DYKS has been analyzing the Draft GST Model deeply and initiated a Series of Articles on the issues emerging from the analysis.

Goods and Services Tax whether in the form of CGST, SGST or IGST will be levied on the“supply” of goods or/and services. Supply is defined in the Section 3 of the Draft Model Act which will also include a supply as mentioned in Schedule I even without consideration.

We have come up with an Article to analyse two transactions which are mentioned in the Schedule I i.e.

  • Permanent transfer/ disposal of business assets
  • Temporary application of business assets to a private or non- business use.

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Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

Levy of Service Tax on Services Provided By Government or Local Authority to Business Entities

Levy of Service Tax on Services Provided By Government or Local Authority to Business Entities

www.carajput.com;Service Tax Update

www.carajput.com;Service Tax Update

CIRCULAR NO.192/02/2016-STDATED 13-4-2016 : Any service provided by Government or a local authority to a business entity has been made taxable w.e.f 1st April 2016. Post Budget 2016, representations have been received from several quarters including business and industry associations in respect of various aspects pertaining to the taxation of such services. Accordingly, the following clarifications are issued:—

Sl. No. Issue Clarification
1. Services provided by Government or a local authority to another Government or a local authority. Such services have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended byNotification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 54 REFERS].

However, the said exemption does not cover services specified in sub-clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of clause (a) of section 66D of the Finance Act, 1994.

 

2. Services provided by Government or a local authority to an individual who may be carrying out a profession or business. 1. Services by way of grant of passport, visa, driving license, birth or death certificates have been exemptedvide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 55 REFERS].2. Further, for services provided upto a taxable value of Rs 5000/-, Sl. No. 5 below may please be seen.

 

3. Service Tax on taxes, cesses or duties. Taxes, cesses or duties levied are not consideration for any particular service as such and hence not leviable to Service Tax. These taxes, cesses or duties include excise duty, customs duty, Service Tax, State VAT, CST, income tax, wealth tax, stamp duty, taxes on professions, trades, callings or employment, octroi, entertainment tax, luxury tax and property tax.
4. Service Tax on fines and penalties. 1. It is clarified that fines and penalty chargeable by Government or a local authority imposed for violation of a statute, bye-laws, rules or regulations are not leviable to Service Tax.
2. Fines and liquidated damages payable to Government or a local authority for non-performance of contract entered into with Government or local authority have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 57 REFERS].
5. Services provided in lieu of fee charged by Government or a local authority. It is clarified that any activity undertaken by Government or a local authority against a consideration constitutes a service and the amount charged for performing such activities is liable to Service Tax.

It is immaterial whether such activities are undertaken as a statutory or mandatory requirement under the law and irrespective of whether the amount charged for such service is laid down in a statute or not. As long as the payment is made (or fee charged) for getting a service in return (i.e., as a quid pro quo for the service received), it has to be regarded as a consideration for that service and taxable irrespective of by what name such payment is called.

 

It is also clarified that Service Tax is leviable on any payment, in lieu of any permission or license granted by the Government or a local authority.

 

2. However, services provided by the Government or a local authority by way of:
(i) registration required under the law;

 

(ii) testing, calibration, safety check or certification relating to protection or safety of workers, consumers or public at large, required under the law,
have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 58 REFERS].
3. Further, services provided by Government or a local authority where the gross amount charged for such service does not exceed Rs 5000/- have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 56 REFERS].

However, the said exemption does not cover services specified in sub-clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of clause (a) of section 66D of the Finance Act, 1994. Further, in case of continuous service, the exemption shall be applicable where the gross amount charged for such service does not exceed Rs. 5000/- in a financial year.

4. It is also clarified that Circular No.  89/7/2006-Service Tax dated 18-12-2006 & and Reference Code 999.01/23.8.07 in Circular No. 96/7/2007-ST dated 23-8-2007 issued in the pre-negative list regime are no longer applicable.
6. Services in the nature of allocation of natural resources by Government or a local authority to individual farmers. Services by way of allocation of natural resources to an individual farmer for the purposes of agriculture have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 59 REFERS].

Such allocations/auctions to categories of persons other than individual farmers would be leviable to Service Tax.

 

7. Services in the nature of change of land use, commercial building approval, utility services provided by Government or a local authority. Regulation of land-use, construction of buildings and other services listed in the Twelfth Schedule to the Constitution which have been entrusted to Municipalities under Article 243W of the Constitution, when provided by governmental authority are already exempt under Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012.

The said services when provided by Government or a local authority have also been exempted from Service Tax vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 39 REFERS].

 

8. Services provided by Government, a local authority or a governmental authority by way of any activity in relation to any function entrusted to a Panchayat under Article 243G of the Constitution. Such services have been exempted vide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 60 REFERS].
9. Whether Service Tax is payable on yearly installments due after 1-4-2016 in respect of spectrum assigned before 1-4-2016. Service Tax is payable on such installments in view of rule 7 of Point of Taxation Rules, 2011 as amended byvide Notification No. 24/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016.

However, the same have been specifically exemptedvide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 61 REFERS].

 

The exemption shall apply only to Service Tax payable on one time charge, payable in full upfront or in installments, for assignment of right to use any natural resource and not to any periodic payment required to be made by the assignee, such as Spectrum User Charges, license fee in respect of spectrum, or monthly payments with respect to the coal extracted from the coal mine or royalty payable on extracted coal which shall be taxable.

10. When does the liability to pay Service Tax arise upon assignment of right to use natural resource where the payment of auction price is made in 10 (or any number of) yearly (or periodic) instalments under deferred payment option for rights assigned after 1-4-2016. Rule 7 of the Point of Taxation Rules, 2011 has been amended vide Notification No. 24/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 to provide that in case of services provided by Government or a local authority to any business entity, the point of taxation shall be the earlier of the dates on which:
(a) any payment, part or full, in respect of such service becomes due, as indicated in the invoice, bill, challan, or any other document issued by Government or a local authority demanding such payment; or
(b) such payment is made.
Thus, the point of taxation in case of the services of the assignment of right to use natural resources by the Government to a business entity shall be the date on which any payment, including deferred payments, in respect of such assignment becomes due or when such payment is made, whichever is earlier.

Therefore, if the assignee/allottee opts for full upfront payment then Service Tax would be payable on the full value upfront. However, if the assignee opts for part upfront and remainder under deferred payment option, then Service Tax would be payable as and when the payments are due or made, whichever is earlier.

 

11. How to determine the date on which payment in respect of any service provided by Government or a local authority becomes due for determination of point of taxation (Sl. No. 10 refers)? The date on which such payment becomes due shall be determined on the basis of invoice, bill, challan, or any other document issued by the Government or a local authority demanding such payment [Point of Taxation Rules, 2011 as amended by Notification No. 24/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 refers].

For instance, Notice Inviting Applications (NIA) dated January 9, 2015 issued vide File No. 1000/16/2014-W.F./Auction for auction of right to use spectrum and letter dated March 29, 2015 issued vide File No. 1000 /23 / 2014 -W.F. /Auction by Department of Telecommunications to successful bidders of spectrum indicate the dates on which the payments in respect thereof become due. These may be accessed at http://www.dot.gov.in/sites/default/files/u8/NIA_January_2015.pdf and http://www.dot.gov.in/sites/default/files/u8/PaymentMethodologyAndPaymentDetails.pdf respectively.

12. Whether Service Tax is leviable on spectrum user charges and license fee payable after 1-4-2016 for the year 2015-16. Service Tax is payable on such payments in view of rule 7 of Point of Taxation Rules, 2011 as amended by Notification No. 24/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016. However, the same have been specifically exemptedvide Notification No. 25/2012-ST dated 20-6-2012 as amended by Notification No. 22/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 [ENTRY 62 REFERS].
13. Whether Service Tax is payable on the interest charged by Government or a local authority where the payment for assignment of natural resources is allowed to be made under deferred payment option. Rule 6(2)(iv) of the Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2006 has been amended videNotification No. 23/2016-ST dated 13-4-2016 so as to provide that interest chargeable on deferred payment in case of any service provided by Government or a local authority to a business entity, where payment for such service is allowed to be deferred on payment of interest, shall be included in the value of the taxable service.
14. When and how will the allottee of the right to use natural resource be entitled to take CENVAT Credit of Service Tax paid for such assignment of right. The CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 have been amendedvide Notification No. 24/2016 C.E. (N.T.) dated 13-4-2016. Consequently, the CENVAT Credit of the Service Tax on one time charges (whether paid upfront or in installments) paid in a year, may be allowed to be taken evenly over a period of 3 (three) years. [Rule 4(7) of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 as amended refers]. Detailed illustrations explaining how the CENVAT Credit is to be availed, are given in para 2 below.
  However, the Service Tax paid on spectrum user charges, license fee, transfer fee charged by the Government on trading of spectrum would be available in the year in which the same is paid. Likewise, Service Tax paid on royalty in respect of natural resources and any periodic payments shall be available as credit in the year in which the same is paid. The existing eighth proviso in sub-rule (7) of rule 4 of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 is being omitted because the same is superfluous.
  Amendments have also been made in CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 so as to allow CENVAT credit to be taken on the basis of the documents specified in sub-rule (1) of rule 9 of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 even after the period of 1 year from the date of issue of such a document in case of services provided by the Government or a local authority or any other person by way of assignment of right to use any natural resource [Fifth Proviso to sub-rule (7) of Rule 4 of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004].
15. On basis of which documents can CENVAT Credit be availed in respect of services provided by Government or a local authority. CENVAT Credit may be availed on the basis of challan evidencing payment of Service Tax by the Service recipient [Clause (e) of sub-rule (1) of rule 9 of CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004, refers].

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)

OPTION TO USE OF DIGITALLY SIGNED INVOICES/RECORDS IN CENTRAL EXCISE AND SERVICE TAX

OPTION TO USE OF DIGITALLY SIGNED INVOICES/RECORDS IN CENTRAL EXCISE AND SERVICE TAX

Untitled135New Finance Budget, 2015 has provided facility to issue digitally signed invoices by inserting Rule 4(C) in Service Tax Rules, 1994 along with the option for maintenance of records in electronic form and their authentication by means of digital signatures. However, conditions for issuing digital signed invoices and option of maintaining of records in electronic form was not in the line till now.

The neoteric, Notification No. 18/2015- Central Excise (N.T.), dated 6 July, 2015, in pursuance of sub-rule (2) of Rule 4(C) of the Service Tax Rules, 1994 made under sub-section (1) and sub-section (2) of Section 94 of the Finance Act, 1994, now specifies conditions, safeguard and procedures for issuing of invoices, preserving records in electronic form and authentication of records and invoices by digital signatures.

As per the notification, for issuing digital signature invoices and maintaining records in electronic form the following condition shall be complied, namely;-

  • Every assesse proposing to use digital signature shall use Class 2 or Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate duly issued by the Certifying Authority in India.
  • Every assesse proposing to use digital signatures shall intimate specified details to the Jurisdictional Deputy Commissioner of Central Excise.
  • Every assesse already using digital signature shall intimate to the jurisdictional Deputy Commissioner or Assistant Commissioner of Central Excise within 15 days of issue of this notification.
  • Every assesse who opts to maintain records in electronic form and who has more than one factory or service tax registration shall maintain separate electronic records for each factory of each service tax registration

Every assesse who opts to maintain records in electronic form shall ensure that appropriate backup of records in electronic form is maintained and preserved for a period of 5 years immediately after the financial year to which such records pertain.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact:info@carajput.com or call at 9555555480

Disclaimer: The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances; before making any decisions do consult your Professional / tax advisor. For misrepresentation or interpretation of act or rules Author does not take any responsibility. Neither the author nor the firm accepts any liability for the loss or damage of any kind arising out of information in this document or for any action taken in reliance there on. carajput.com is committed to helping entrepreneurs and small business owners to start, manage and grow their business with peace of mind. Our goal is to support the entrepreneur on legal and regulatory requirements and to be a partner throughout the entire business life cycle, offering support to the company at every stage to ensure that it is compliant and consistently growing. Hope the information will assist you in your Professional endeavors. For query or help, contact: info@carajput.com or call at 09811322785/4 9555 5555 480)