Categories: Accounting

Analyze a company in less than 5 minutes via using Ratio

How to do a company analysis in less five minutes: Examine the following ratios:

💡Efficiency Ratios

• Inventory Turnover:  

Cost of Goods Sold ÷ Inventory
Measures how many times a company’s inventory is sold and replaced over a period.

• Asset Turnover:

Sales ÷ Total Assets
Measures a firm’s efficiency at using its assets in generating sales or revenue.

🚰 Liquidity Ratios

• Current Ratio:

Current Assets ÷ Current Liabilities
Measures a company’s ability to pay short-term obligations.

• Quick Ratio:

(Current Assets – Inventory) ÷ Current
Another liquidity ratio, but excludes inventory as it is less liquid.

☔ Coverage Ratios

• Interest Coverage Ratio:

EBIT ÷ Interest Expenses

Measures how easily a company can pay interest expenses on outstanding debt.

💰Profitability Ratios

• Return on Assets (ROA):

Net Income ÷ Total Assets
Measures how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate income.

• Return on Equity (ROE):

Net Income ÷ Shareholder’s Equity
Measures how efficiently a company uses its equity to generate income.

• Gross Margin:

Gross Profit ÷ Revenue

Measures how much out of every dollar of sales a company keeps as gross profit.

• Net Profit Margin:

Net Income ÷ Revenue

Measures how much out of every dollar of sales a company keeps as earnings.

💸 Dividend Policy Ratios

• Dividend Payout Ratio:

Dividends ÷ Net Income
Measures what proportion of earnings are paid to shareholders as dividends.

• Dividend Yield:

Annual Dividends per Share ÷ Price per Share

Shows how much a company returns in dividends each year relative to its share price.

🛠️ Leverage Ratios

• Debt to Equity Ratio:

Total Debt ÷ Total Equity

A leverage ratio that compares a company’s total debt with its total equity.


📈 Market Value Ratios

• Earnings Per Share (EPS):

Net Income  ÷  Shares Outstanding
Measures the profit allocated to each share of common stock.

• Price to Earnings Ratio (P/E):

Share Price ÷ Earnings per Share
Measures the price you pay for each dollar of earnings.

• Price to Sales (P/S):

Share Price ÷ Sales Per Share
Compares a company’s market value to its sales.

Important Elements of Finance in RATIO and Analysis of Financials Statement


Investors use earnings before interest, taxes, and amortisation (EBITA) as a gauge of a company’s profitability. Comparing one business to another in the same industry might be useful. It occasionally can also offer a more realistic assessment of a company’s worth.

Penalty for Default

  • According to the section 128 of the companies Act,2013 the officer who is in default must be punishable with an imprisonment which may extend to one year or with a fine of INR 50,000 and which may extend to INR 5,00,000 also.
  • The Officer, who is in default, means the Managing Director, the whole-time director in charge of finance, the CFO or any other person of a company charged by the Board complying with the provisions of section 128 of the companies Act, such managing director, whole time director in charge of finance, CFO or any other person of the company.

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Rajput Jain & Associates

Rajput Jain & Associates is a Chartered Accountants firm, with it's headquarter situated at New Delhi (the capital of India). The firm has been set up by a group of young, enthusiastic, highly skilled and motivated professionals who have taken experience from top consulting firms and are extensively experienced in their chosen fields has providing a wide array of Accounting, Auditing, Taxation, Assurance and Business advisory services to various clients and their stakeholders. Rajput jain & Associates, a professional firm, offers its clients a full range of services, To serve better and to bring bucket of services under one roof, the firm has merged with it various Chartered Accountancy firms pioneer in diversified fields. We have associates all over India in big cities. All our offices are well equipped with latest technological support with updated reference materials. We have a large team of professionals other than our Core Team members to meet the requirements of our prospective clients including the existing ones. However, considering our commitment towards high quality services to our clients, our team keeps on growing with more and more associates having strong professional background with good exposure in the related areas of responsibility.

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