Key Takeaways About the TCS On Liberalized Remittance scheme (LSR) Applicability
Information about the concept of Liberalized Remittance scheme as per RBI Regulation is described below:
- AD’s Liberalized Remittance/ Transfer Scheme may openly allow Remittance/ Transfer s of up to USD 2,50,000 (April-March) per Financial Year to resident individuals for any approved current or capital account transaction or a combination of both.
- The Liberalized Remittance/ Transfer Scheme is not applicable to corporations, partnership businesses, HUFs, trusts, etc.
- Remittance/ Transfer s under the Scheme may be accumulated in respect of members of the family required to comply with its terms and conditions by individual members of the family.
- Fortunately, for capital account activities such as opening a bank account/investment/purchase of property, clubbing is not allowed by other family members if They are not the co-owners / co-partners in foreign bank accounts/investment/property.
Activities that are prohibited in compliance with rule 3 of the foreign exchange management act, 1999:
- Remittance/ Transfer from winnings of lotteries.
- Remittance/ Transfer of revenue or some other pleasure from racing/riding etc.
- Remittance/ Transfer for lottery ticket purchases prohibited/proscribed magazines, football games, sweepstakes, etc.
- Payment of the export commission for equity investment in joint ventures / wholly owned subsidiaries of Indian companies abroad.
- Remittance/ Transfer of dividends from any company to whom a dividend balancing provision applies.
- Payment of commissions for exports under the Rupee State Credit Route, with the exception of commissions of up to 10% of the invoice value of tea and tobacco exports.
- Payment for telephones connected to ‘Call Back Systems.’
- Remittance/ Transfer of interest income on funds deposited in the Non-Resident Special Rupee (Account) Scheme.
Activities that require prior approval by the central government (see Schedule II Rule 4)
- Cultural trips
- Advertisement in global print media by the State Government and its Public Sector Undertakings for objectives other than development of tourism, foreign investment, and international bidding (exceeding USD 10,000)
- Remittance/ Transfer of freight chartered by a PSU vessel
- Import payment by Govt. Department or PSU on the basis of c.i.f. (i.e. not based on f.o.b. and f.a.s.)
- Multi-modal transport operators that transfer Remittance/ Transfer s to their agents In abroad
- Remittance/ Transfer of transponder hiring charges by (a) TV networks (b) Internet Service Providers
- Remittance/ Transfer of charges for the detention of containers in excess of the rate stated by the Director-General of Shipping
- Technical partnership deal Remittance/ Transfer s where royalty payments exceed 5% on local revenues and 8% on exports and lumpsum payments exceed USD 2 million
- Remittance/ Transfer for P & I Club membership
- Remittance/ Transfer by a person of prize money/sponsorship for sports activities in abroad other than International / National / State Level sports bodies of prize money/sponsorship of sports operation overseas, if the sum concerned reaches USD 100,000.
In addition, a resident cannot give a foreign currency as a gift to another resident for the credit of a foreign currency account kept abroad by the latter under the LRS.
The scheme should not be used to make remittances/transfers for any prohibited or immoral activities such as margin lending, lotteries, etc.
Prohibition on the drawing of foreign exchange —- Prohibition on the drawing of foreign exchange by any person for the following purposes:
- The transaction specified in Schedule I;
- Travel to Bhutan and/or Nepal;
- The transaction with a person who is resident in Nepal or Bhutan.
Such that the prohibition referred to in clause (c) may be excluded by the RBI, pursuant to such terms and conditions as may be considered appropriate by special or general order.
- All such transactions not otherwise permitted under FEMA and those of a margin or margin call Remittance/ Transfer form to overseas exchanges / overseas counterparties are not permitted under the Liberalized Remittance/ Transfer scheme.
- Allowable Current account transactions: The cap of USD 2.50,000 per Financial Year (FY) under the Scheme also contains/subsumes Remittance/ Transfer s for current account transactions (i.e. private visits; gifts/donations; work from abroad; emigration; preservation of close relatives abroad; business trips; medical care in abroad; studies abroad) available to the resident individual in India foreign exchange not more than USD 250,000 by getting prior approval from RBI.
- Private visits
- Gift / donation
- Moving abroad for jobs/employment
- Maintenance of close relatives in Abroad
- Business trip
- Medical care in abroad
- Resources for students to complete their studies abroad.
Permitted transactions of the capital account: The permitted transactions of the capital account by an individual under the LRS are
- New Opening a bank account for foreign currency account abroad.
- Investment in abroad: purchase and retention of stock in both listed and unlisted foreign companies or debt instruments; purchase in qualified stock of a foreign company for hold the position of director; purchase of stocks of a foreign company for professional services rendered or in exchange of remuneration of the Director; investment in Mutual Funds units; Venture Capital Funds; promissory note, unrated debt securities;
- Setting up of Wholly Owned Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures (w.e.f. 5th Aug 2013) for the bonafide industry outside India, according to the RBI terms and conditions.
- Extending loans to non-resident Indians (NRIs) who are relatives, including loans in Indian Rupees as specified in the Companies Act, 2013
- To encourage capital account Remittance/ Transfer s under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme, banks do not provide any kind of credit facilities to resident individuals.
TCS on an Amount for remittances transactions under LRS Scheme.
TCS on a sum for remittance transactions under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme.: According to the amendment pursuant to section 206C of the Finance Act 2020, an approved dealer who collects a sum for remittances under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme shall be liable for TCS transactions under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme.
- tax collection at source will be effective 1 October 2020 for all Liberalized Remittance Scheme transactions, including international debit card transactions.
- Underpayments are within the limits of the tax collection at source applicability-
- Liberalized Remittance Scheme forwarding transactions via the Bank branch or bank Online.
- Foreign Currency Demand Draft or cash issuance from a domestic resident account for the purpose of the Liberalized Remittance Scheme.
- International transactions on Debit Card Transactions (including transactions on international traders or platforms providing Dynamic Currency Conversion-DCC Transactions)
- Transfers from domestic resident customers to Liberalized Remittance Scheme NGO account (Loan to NRI or Gift to NRI)
Below is the tax collection at source charging grid for Liberalized Remittance Scheme remittances and transactions
|Liberalized Remittance Scheme Purpose/Type of transaction||Applicable of Tax collected at source|
|1. Remittances under Liberalized Remittance Scheme Purpose S0306 –
2. International transactions on Debit Cards (including Dynamic Currency Conversion – DCC transactions) and
3. Other travel including holiday trips and payments for settling international credit card transactions.
|5% of the transaction/remittance amount|
|Liberalized Remittance Scheme Purpose S1107 Studies abroad and S0305 Travel for education, where the source of funds is Education loan||0.5% of the remittance amount above INR 7 lacs during the financial year.|
|Any Other Liberalized Remittance Scheme purposes||5% of the remittance amount, above INR 7 lacs during the financial year.|
Note:- It is to ensure that the account is properly financed to cover the cost of the remittance, the Tax collected at source cost, the remittance charges, the related bank fees as well as other taxes/charges as applicable. In the case of insufficient balances, payments will not be processed.
Changes have been made to the Source Tax Collection (TCS) provision for international remittances made during the Union Budget 2020-21. Please find below the list of the amended provision;
- The TCS clause will now be effective from 1 October 2020 instead of 1 April 2020.
- On the basis of the recent clarification, TCS shall refer to sums greater than INR 7 lakh in the financial year and not to the total sum.
- In situations where the sum is charged for continuing education through a loan from any financial institution, the rate of TCS shall be 0.5 percent above the sum of INR 7 lakh.
Frequently Asked on TCS on Liberalized Remittance Scheme.
Questions: 1. what is the effective date of introduction of the tax implications?
Answer: Effectiveness of the Tax collected at the source clause on international remittances is updated from 1 April 2020 to 1 October 2020.
Question:2. What all transactions will be affected by this Tax collected at source requirement?
Answer: All remittances in excess of INR 7 lakh in the financial year under the LRS will be liable for 5 percent of TCS, except where the remittance is for education paid out through a loan from any financial institution. The rate would then be decreased from 5% to 0.5%. The exclusion from TCS for remittances abroad under LRS for sums just under INR 7 lakh in the financial year would not apply if the sum is charged for the purchase of the overseas tour program kit.
Questions: 3. Can GST be applied to the 5% TCS collected?
Answer: No GST would refer to the tax collected by the TCS. However, GST will refer to the conversion & remittance service fee of the currency.
Questions: 4. what are the various reasons for which the tax collection applies?
Answer: The tax would apply to all remittances from India that come under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) of RBI.
Questions: 5. what are the various Purpose for purposes permitted under LRS?
Answer: The following are the purposes permitted under LRS.
- Private visits to any country (excluding Nepal and Bhutan)
- Donation or charity;
- Study abroad
- Moving overseas to work
- Maintenance of loyal family members abroad
- Travel for business, or attending a conference or advanced training, or meeting expenses for meeting medical expenses, or checking abroad, or accompanying a patient going abroad for medical treatment/check-up;
- Expenditures for medical care overseas
- Any other current account transaction not protected in FEMA 1999.
Questions: 6. what are the various permissible capital account transactions by an individual for purposes permitted under LRS?
Answer: The permissible capital account transactions by an individual under LRS are:
- Investments abroad – acquisition and holding of shares in both listed and unlisted foreign companies or debt instruments; 5 acquisition in qualified shares of a foreign company for the role of the director; acquisition of shares of a foreign company for professional services rendered or in lieu of remuneration of the director; investment in units of mutual funds, venture capital funds;
- Establishment of wholly-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures (with effect from 05 August 2013) outside India for bonafide company subject to the terms and conditions set out in Notification No FEMA.263 / RB-2013 of 5 March 2013;
- to extend loans, namely loans in Indian Rupees, to non-resident Indians (NRIs) who are relatives.
- the opening of foreign currency accounts with a bank abroad;
- purchase of foreign property;
Questions: 7. What’s Dynamic Currency Conversion (DCC)?
Answer: Many international traders offer the ‘Dynamic Currency Conversion’ facility – which enables customers to make purchase payments directly in their home currency (i.e. Indian Rupees for cards issued in India). This service is provided by selected international merchants or websites. The final transaction amount (as determined by the merchant / DCC service provider) must be checked by you before the payment is made. Depending on the sum given by the merchant, Citi will charge you the final amount (Indian Rupees). The conversion procedure, the exchange rate and any markup applied in such cases shall be decided, as the case may be, by the applicable merchant or DCC service provider.
If we do not opt for DCC, you will be billed in local currency by the merchant. If the local currency is not USD, then the transaction is translated first from the local currency to $ then from $ to INR.
Rajput Jain & Associates