Any dishonest act of CA isn’t a professional misconduct if it is done in Individual capacity


Chartered Accountant Act, 1949: Where a CA sold his shares but continued to receive dividends declared by the Company by cheating upon transferee, such activity could not be said done in relation to practice as CA as such act of dishonesty was done in individual capacity. Thus, disciplinary committee’s proposal to remove CA’s name from registers of members of ICAI for 6 months was to be set aside.


  • A Chartered Accountant sold his shares in November 1999 however, share transfer deed for transfer of shares was lodged on November 04, 2004. In the meantime, CA continued to receive dividend declared by company for 5 years
  • The transferee made complaint about this conduct of CA before the Disciplinary Committee of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. The Disciplinary Committee found that the conduct of CA was wholly unworthy and amounted to professional misconduct.

On appeal the High Court held as under:

  1. In the instant case the respondent was acting as an individual in his dealings with the complainant which were purely commercial. While selling the shares held by him the respondent was not acting as a Chartered Accountant. He was not discharging any function in relation to his practice as a Chartered Accountant.
  2. In the decision reported as AIR 1958 SC 72 Council of Institute of Chartered Accountants & Anr. vs. B. Mukhreja, a Chartered Accountant who had been appointed as a liquidator was held liable for professional misconduct on the reasoning that Regulation 78 provided for a Chartered Accountant to act as a liquidator and thus while acting as a liquidator Sh. B. Mukhreja would be deemed to be in practice as a Chartered Accountant. The judgment brings out that the acts of omission or commission must relate to the offender acting as a Chartered Accountant and rendering service for remuneration and must be engaged in an activity which a Chartered Accountant would be entitled to be engaged in, wearing the hat of a Chartered Accountant.
  3. For example, a Chartered Accountant may drive rashly and negligently and in the process may kill a human being. This conduct would be an offence, but not a misconduct for the purposes of the Act
  4. The Disciplinary Committee’s proposal to remove CA’s name from registers of members of ICAI for 6 months was to be set aside. –[2016] 72 com 197 (Delhi)


If this article has helped you in any way, i would appreciate if you could share/like it or leave a comment. Thank you for visiting my blog.

Legal Disclaimer:
This update has generic information that is given on the basis of "as is" and does not warranty it in any kind, nor does it imply, express or intend to aim a specific situation. The information given here might not be understood and shouldn't be considered as a particular opinion or advice. This write up shouldn't also be replaced for any service or professional advice and it also shouldn't be relied upon or used it acted as grounds for any action or decision that might affect your business or you. It is also distinctly clarified that this update has no intentions to be a form of advertisement or invitation or solicitation to generate any client-advisor relationship.

The information / articles & any relies to the comments on this blog are provided purely for informational and educational purposes only & are purely based on my understanding / knowledge. They do noy constitute legal advice or legal opinions. All efforts and measures have been taken to assure the accuracy and correctness of the information presented in this update but cannot be guaranteed in any manner. We are not obligated to any responsibility or liability to any one for any damage or loss incurred by going with the information given in this update.

© 2016 Rajput Jain & associates. All rights reserved.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *